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Materials Chemistry Group


*This section includes Recent Publications, Books or Chapters in Books, and Patents.

Recent Publications


  1. A closed-loop acetic acid system for recovery of PbO@C composite derived from spent lead-acid battery, Hu G, Zhang P, Yang J, Li Z, Liang S, Yu W, Li M, Tong Y, Hu J, HouH, Yuan S, Kumar RV, Resources, Conservation and Recycling 184:01 Sep 2022 
  2. Investigating Transport through Separator Membranes in Aqueous Organic Redox Flow Batteries through NMR Spectroscopy, Latchem EJ, Kress T, Grey CP, Klusener PAA, Kumar RV, Forse AC, ECS Meeting Abstracts MA2022-01(48):1995 07 Jul 2022
  3. Expanding the active charge carriers of polymer electrolytes in lithium- based batteries using an anion-hosting cathode, Sun Z, Xi K, Chen J, Abdelkader A, Li M-Y, Qin Y, Lin Y, JiangQ, Su Y-Q, Vasant Kumar R, Ding S, Nat Commun. 13(1):3209 09 Jun 2022 
  4. Surface functionalized Mxenes for wastewater treatment- A comprehensive review, Damptey L, Jaato BN, Ribeiro CS, Varagnolo S, Power NP, Selvaraj V, Dodoo-Arhin D, Kumar RV, Sreenilayam SP, Brabazon D, Kumar Thakur V, Krishnamurthy S, Glob Chall. 6(6):2100120 Jun 2022


  1. Inkjet printing infiltration of doped ceria interlayer in commercial anode supported SOFCs;  Tomov RI, Mitchel-Williams TB, Venezia E, Kawalec M, Krauz M, Kumar RV, Glowacki BA Nanomaterials (Basel) 11(11): 3095; 16 Nov 2021
  2. Blowing iron chalcogenides into two-D flaky hybrids with superior cyclability and rate capability for K-ion batteries, Wu H, Lu S, Xu S, Zhao J, Wang Y, Huang C, Abdelkader A, Wang WA, Xi K, Guo Y, Ding S, Gao G, Kumar RV; ACS Nano 15:2: 2506-2519,  23 Feb  2021 
  3. Novel binder-free carbon anode for high capacity Li-ion batteries, Tomov R, Kumar RV, Kim H-K, Zhao T, Yarmolich D, Cookson J, Petrucco E, Murphy C, Odarchenko Y, Yarmolich D, Nano Energy 83:01, May 2021
  4. Atmospheric pressure plasma engineered superhydrophilic CuO surfaces with enhanced catalytic activities, Dey, Avishek; Chandrabose, Gauthaman; Ghosh, Paheli; Damptey, Lois A. O.; Clark, Adam H.; Selvaraj, Vimalnath; Kumar, Ramachandran Vasant; Braithwaite, Nicholas St J.; Zhuk, Siarhei; Dalapati,Goutam Kumar, Appl. Surf. Sci, 564, ARTN 150413, 2021
  5. Removal and degradation of mixed dye pollutants by integrated adsorption photocatalysis technique using 2-D MoS2/TiO2 nanocomposite, , Chandrabose G, Dey A, Gaur SS, Pitchaimuthu S, Jagadeesan H, Braithwaite NSJ, Selvaraj V, Kumar RV, Krishnamurthy S, Chemosphere 279:130467 Sep 2021
  6. A green strategy to synthesise two-dimensional lead halide perovskite via direct recovery spent lead acid battery waste, Wang J, Yang J, Hou H, Li W, Hu J, Li M, Yu W, Wang Z, Liang S, Xiao K, Liu B, Xi K, Kumar RV, Resources, Conservation and Recycling 169:01 Jun 2021
  7. Optimization of the microstructure of TiO2 photocatalytic surfaces created by electrolytic plasma oxidation of titanium substrates, Coto M, Troughton SC, Knight P, Joshi R, Francis R, Kumar RV, Clyne TW, Surface and Coatings Technology 411:15 Apr 2021 
  8. Factors controlling the synthesis of porous Ti-based biomedical alloys by electrochemical deoxidation in molten salts, Sri Maha Vishnu D, Sure J, Vasant Kumar R, Schwandt C, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science 52(3):1590-1602 01 Jun 2021
  9. 2021 Roadmap on lithium sulfur batteries, Robinson JB, Xi K, Kumar RV, Ferrari AC, Au H, Titirici MM, Puerto AP, Kucernak A, Fitch SDS, Araez NG et al, JPhysEnergy 3(3):01 Jul 2021
  10. Corrosion performance of electrochemically prepared Ti-5Ta-2Nb alloy in concentrated nitric acid, J Sure, DSM Vishnu, RV Kumar, UK Mudali, C Schwandt; Materials Today Comm. 26:01 Mar 2021.
  11. Global and local corrosion of welded joint of high strength low-alloy automotive steel, Garcia MP, de Souza JS, Glover C, Ansell P, Williams G, Mantovani GL, Kumar RV, Antunes RA, CORROSION 77(5):562-574 May 2021
  12. Potassium-ion batteries: Outlook on present and future technologies, Min X, Xiao J, Fang M, Wang W, Zhao Y, Liu Y, Abdelkader AM, Xi K, Kumar RV, Huang Z, Energy and Environmental Science 14(4):2186-2243 01 Apr 2021
  13. Iron selenide microcapsules as universal-type anodes for alkali metal-ion batteries,  Lu S, Wu H, Xu S, Wang Y, Zhao J, Li Y, Abdelkader AM, Li J, Wang WA, Xi K, Guo Y, Ding S, Gao G, Kumar RV, Small 17(8):e2005745 Feb 2021
  14. Tuning vacancy and size of metallic VCx quantum dots for capacitive potassium-ion batteries, Wu H, Zhang Z, Qin M, Yu Q, Wang W, Wang L, Ma Y, Jia B, Kumar RV, Qu X, Chemical Engineering Journal 404:15 Jan 2021 


  1. Facile and scalable synthesis of silicon nanowires from waste rice husk silica by the molten salt process, JH Choi, HK Kim, MW Seo, JS Cho, RV Kumar, J. Haz. Mater. 399, 1222949, Nov 2020.
  2. Recyclable cobalt-molybdenum bimetallic carbide modified separator boosts the polysulfide adsorption-catalysis of lithium sulfur battery, Zhang Z, Wang JN, Shao AH, Xiong DG, Liu JW, Lao CY, Xi K, Lu SY, Jiang Q, Yu J, Li HL, Yang ZY, Kumar RV, Science China Materials 01 Jan 2020. 
  3. Oxygen defect chemistry for the reversible transformation of titanates for sizeable potassium storage, Lao CY, Yu Q, Hu J, Li N, Divitini G, Kim HK, Wang W, Liu Y, Chen X, Kumar RV, Journal of Materials Chemistry A 8(34):17550-17557 14 Sep 2020
  4. Phase boundary engineering of metal-organic framework derived carbonaceous nickel selenides for Na-ion batteries, Lu S, Wu H, Hou J, Liu L, Li J, Harris CJ, Lao CY, Guo Y, Xi K, Ding S, Gao G, Cheetham AK, Kumar RV, Nano Research 13(8) 2289-2298, Aug 2020
  5. Suppressing the shuttle effect and dendrite growth in Li-S batteries, Wang J, Yi S, Liu J, Sun S, Liu Y, Yang D, Xi K, Gao G, Abdelkader A, Yan W, Ding S, Kumar RV, ACD Nano, Publication Date, July 7,, 2020.
  6. Microwave- and Formaldehyde-Assisted Synthesis of Ag-Ag3PO4 with Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity for Degradation of RhB dye and Crude Oil Fractions, E Nyankson, R Amedalor, G Chandarbose, M Coto, S Krishnamurthy, RV Kumar, ACS Omega, %(23), 13641-55, 16 Jun 2020.
  7. High performance LaSrFeTiO3 as fuel electrode for directly electrolyzing CO2 in Solid Oxide Electrolyte Cells, Y Hou, L Wang, L Bian, Y Wang, KC Chou, RV Kumar, Electrochem. Acta, 342, 10 May 2020.
  8. A closed-loop ammonium salt system for recovery of high-purity lead tetroxide product from spent lead-acid battery paste, M Li, J Yang, S Liang, J Wang, P Zhang, W Yu, J Hu, K Xiao, H Hou, B Liu, RV Kumar, J Cleaner Production,, May 2020.
  9. Dislocations as channels for the fabrication of sub-surface porous GaN by electrochemical etching, Massabau FCP, HP Griffith, Y Liu, RV Kumar, T Zhu, RA Oliver, APL Mater. 8(3) 1 May 2020.
  10. Solid state electrochemically synthesised beta-SiC as nanowire anode material in  Li-ion batteries, Sri Maha Vishnu D, Sure J, Kim HK, Kumar RV, Schwandt C, Energy Storage Materials, 26:234-241 01 Apr 2020
  11. Removal of water soluble and pharmaceutical wastes by combining the photocatalytic properties of Ag3PO4 with the absorption properties of halolysite nanotubes, Materials Today Advances, 4, 100025, 2020


  1. Removal of water soluble and pharmaceutical wastes by combining the photocatalytic properties of Ag3PO4 with the absorption properties of halolysite nanotubes, Materials Today Advances, 4, Dec 2019, 100025
  2. Mitigating strategy in lithium dendrite formation in a Li–S cell in accelerated cycling tests, E Kuzmina, E Karaseva, A Ivanov, D Kolosnitsyn, S Mochalov, RV Kumar, V Kolosnitsyn, Electrochimica Acta 327 , 135007, 10 Dec 2019
  3. LiMnPO4-olivine deposited on a nanoporous alloy as an additive-free electrode for lithium ion batteries, Mihaylov L, Boyadzhieva T, R Tomov, RV Kumar, V Koleva, R Stoyanova, T Spassov; Dalton Trans.,  DOI: 10.1039/C9DT02879J  6 Nov 2019
  4. Hollow Multihole Carbon Bowls: A Stress-Release Structure Design for High-Stability and High-Volumetric-Capacity Potassium-Ion Batteries, Z Zhang, B Jia, L Liu, Y Zhao, H Wu, M Qin, K Han, W Wang, K Xi, L Zhang, G Qi, X Qu, RV Kumar, ACS Nano, 13(10):11363-11371 22 Oct 2019
  5. Review on clean recovery of discarded/spent lead-acid battery and trends of recycled products, M Li, J Yang, S Liang, H Hou, J Hu, B Liu, RV Kumar; Journal of Power Sources 436 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.226853,  01 Oct 2019
  6. Flexible and High-Loading Lithium–Sulfur Batteries Enabled by Integrated Three-In-One Fibrous Membranes, J Wang, G Yang, J Chen, Y Liu, Y Wang, CY Lao, K Xi, D Yang, CJ Harris, W Yan, S Ding, RV Kumar; Advanced Energy Materials 9(38), DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201902001, 01 Oct 2019
  7. Hollow Multihole Carbon Bowls: A Stress-Release Structure Design for High-Stability and High-Volumetric-Capacity Potassium-Ion Batteries, Z Zhang, B Jia, L Liu, Y Zhao, H Wu, M Qin, K Han, W Wang, K Xi, L Zhang, G Qi, X Qu, RV Kumar, ACS Nano 13(10):11363-11371;  Oct 2019
  8. Pd-doped zinc oxide nanostructures for liquefied petroleum gas detection at low temperature, M Jabeen, A Ibal, RV Kumar, M Ahmad, Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research 25, DOI: 10.1016/j.sbsr.2019.100293, 01 Sep 2019
  9. Electrolytic preparation and characterization of VCr alloys in molten salt from vanadium slag, S Liu, L Wang, KC Chou, RV Kumar, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 803:875-881 30 Sep 2019
  10. A simple sensing of hazardous photo-induced superoxide anion radicals using a molecular probe in ZnO-Nanoparticles aqueous medium, H Agbe, N Raza, D Doodo-Arhin, RV Kumar, H-K Kim; Environ Res 176:108424; DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.03.062;  Sep 2019
  11. TiO2@C core@shell nanocomposites: A single precursor synthesis of photocatalyst for efficient solar water treatment, A Chauhan, M Sharma, S Kumar, S Thirumalai, RV Kumar, R Vaish; J Hazard Mater 381:120883, 12 Jul 2019
  12. Role of Iron Impurity in Hydrometallurgical Recovery Process of Spent Lead-Acid Battery: Phase Transformation of Positive Material Made from Recovered Leady Oxide, W Yu, J Yang, S Liang, P Zhang, M Li, J Wang, K Xiao, J Hou, J Hu, B Liu, RV Kumar; JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 166(10):X4-X4 06 Jun 2019
  13. An investigation into the role of substrates in the physical and electrochemical properties of carbon nanotubes prepared by chemical vapor deposition; A Yahyazadeh, B Koshandam, RV Kumar,; Physica B: Condensed Matter 562:42-54 01 Jun 2019
  14. Construction of ultrafine ZnSe nanoparticles on/in amorphous carbon hollow nanospheres with high-power-density sodium storage, Lu S, Zhu T, Wu H, Wang Y, Li J, Abdelkader A, Xi K, Wang W, Li Y, Ding S, K Xi, RV Kumar, Nano Energy 59:762-772 01 May 2019
  15. Inkjet Printing Functionalization of SOFC LSCF Cathodes, E Venezia, M Viviani, S Presto, RV Kumar, R Tomov; Nanomaterials (Basel) 9(4); DOI: 10.3390/nano9040654;  24 Apr 2019
  16. Enhancing Catalytic Activity of Titanium Oxide in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries by Band Engineering; Y Wang, R Zhang, J Chen, H Wu, S Lu, K Wang, H Li, CJ Harris, K Xi, RV Kumar, S Ding; Advanced Energy Materials 9(24); DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201900953; 2019  
  17. Development of Pr2xSrxCuO4±Δ mixed ion-electron conducting system as cathode for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell; AP Khandale, BS Pahune, SS Bhoga, RV Kumar, RI Tomov; International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 44(29):15417-15435; Jun 2019
  18. Enhanced Sulfur Transformation by Multifunctional FeS2/FeS/S Composites for High-Volumetric Capacity Cathodes in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries, Xi K, He D, Harris C, Wang Y, Lai C, Li H, Coxon PR, Ding S, Wang C, Kumar RV , Advanced Science,, 2019
  19. Phase composition, microstructure, corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of molten salt electrochemically synthesised TiNbSn biomedical alloys, DSM Vishnu, J Sure, RV Kumar, C Schwandt, Materials Transactions. 60: 422-428, 2019
  20. Molten salt electrochemical synthesis, heat treatment and microhardness of Ti5Ta2Nb alloy, J Sure, DSM Vishnu, RV Kumar and C Schwandt, Materials Transactions. 60: 391-399, 2019
  21. Vibration induced refrigeration using ferroelectric materials, A Kumar, A Chauhan, S Patel, N Novak, RV Kumar, R Vaish, Sci Rep 9(1):3922 08 Mar 2019
  22. In vitro evaluation of experimental light activated gels for tooth bleaching, Kurzmann C, Verheyen J, Coto M, Kumar RV, Divitini G, Shokoohi-Tabrizi HA, Verheyen P, De Moor RJG, Moritz A, Agis H, Photochem Photobiol Sci 06 Feb 2019
  23. Rational approach to guest confinement inside MO cavities for low-temperature catalysis, I Wang, L Gao, J Hu, S Herau, J Griffiths, W Li, J Dong, S Gao, MM Titrici, RV Kumar, S Smoukov, Nature Communications, volume 10, Article number: 1340 DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-08972-x, 2019
  24. Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BiOCl composite photocatalyst for efficient visible ligh degradaion of dissolved organic impurities, A Chauhan, KH Singh, RV Kumar and R Vaish, J of Env. Chemical Engineering, 7(1), 2018102842, 2019
  25. Janus nanostructures for heterogeneous photocatalysis, A Chauhan, M Rastogi, P Scheier, C Bowen, RV Kumar and R Vaish, Appl. Phys. Reviews, 5(1) doi/10/1063/5039926
  26. A facile lead acetate conversion process for synthesis of high purity α-PbO derived from spent lead acid batteries, W Yu, J Yang, M Li, Y Hu, S Liang, J Wang, P Zhang, K Xiao, H Hou, J Hu, RV Kumar, J. Chemical Technol. & Biotechnol. 94, 88-97, 2019
  27. A textile based SnO2 ultra-flexible electrode for lithium ion batteries, X Min, B Sun, S Cheng, T Liu, A Abdelkader, K Xi, RV Kumar, Energy Storage Materials, 16, 596-606, 2019
  28. Bio-remediation of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions using extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) purified pseudomonas fluorescence, S Vimalnath, RV Kumar, Carsten Schwandt, S Subramanian, IMPC 2018 – 29th Int. Mineral Processing Congress Proc., 3170-3179, 2019
  29. Mechano-chemical synthesis of highly stable PbO@C composite for enhances performance of Lead-Carbon battery, J Wang, H Hou, J Hu, X Wu, RV Kumar, Electrochemica Acta, 299, 682-691, 2019
  30. Electrochemical synthesis of porous Ti-Nb alloys for biomedical applications, SM Vishnu, J Sure, Y Liu, R V Kumar, C Schwandt, Mater. Sci. Eng. C Mater. Biol. Appl. 96, 466-78, 2019
  31. A low-emission strategy to recover Pb compound products directly from spent Pb-acid battery paste: key issues of impurity removal, Yu W, Zhang P, Yang J, Li M, Hu Y, Liang S, Wang J, Li S, Xiao K, Hou H, J Hu, RV Kumar, J Cleaner production, 210, 1534-44, 2019
  32. Chemical Sintering reduced grain boundary defects for planar perovskie solar cells, J Xi, K Xi, A Sadhanala, KH Zhang, RV Kumar et al, Nano Energy, 56, 741-50, 2019
  33. Non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of C black Graphene based multimodal-polythene nanocomposites, I Ahmad, HK Kim, S Deveci, RV Kumar, Nanomaterials, 9(1), 18, 2019


  1. In-situ fabrication of TiO2-C core shell particles for efficient solar photocatalysis, A Chauhan, S Thirumali, RV Kumar, Mat. Today Comm., 17, 371-379, 2018
  2. Advancing the use of high performance graphene based multimodel polymer nanocomposites at scale, Nanomaterials (Basel), 8(11), 17, 2018
  3. Tailoring SOFC electrode microstructures for improved performance, PA Connor, X Yue, CD Savaniu, R Price, G Caissidy, LF Cohen RV Kumar, J Irvine, Adv. Energy Mater., 8(23) 2018
  4. Mechanistic studies on the bioaborptin of Pb(II) by pseudomonas aeruginosa, S Vimalnath, H Ravishankar, C Schwandt, RV Kumar, S Subramanian, Water Sc. Technol. 78(2) 290-300, 2018
  5. Multi-step sequestration and storage of CO2 to form valuable products using forsterite, W Raza, N Raza, H Agbe, RV Kumar, HK Kim, J Yang, Energy, 865-73, 2018
  6. Synthesis & characterization of amorphous precipitated silica from alkaline dissolution of olivine, N Raza, W Raza, S Madeddu, H Agbe, RV Kumar, HK Kim, RSC Advance, 8(63) 32651-58, 2018
  7. Insights on relationship between deterioration ad direct current internal resistance of VRLA battery by addition of granular C additives under HRPsoc duty, J Wang, J Yang, J Hu, Y Hu, RV Kumar, J Electrochem. Soc. 165, A1753-A1760, 2018
  8. Application of inkjet printing for SOFC anode fabrication modification, RI Tomov, A Fakeh, TB Mitchell-William, M Krauz, RV Kumar and BA Glowacki, Bulgarain Chem. Comm., 50, 108-113, 2018
  9. Direct Electrochemical preparation of nanostructured SiC and its nitridation behaviour, DSM Vishnu, J Sure, H Kim, JY Kim, RV Kumar, C Schwandt, J Electrchem. Sov., 165(14), D731-D742, 2018
  10. Structural Optimization for Wideband Flexoelectric Energy Harvester Using Bulk Paraelectric Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3; A Kumar, A Chauhan, R Vaish, RV Kumar, SC Jain, Journal of Electronic Materials 47, 394-401, 2018
  11. Solid state electrochemical gas sensor for the quantitative determination of carbon dioxide; MP Hills, RV Kumar and C Schwandt, Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical 265:27-34 15 Jul 2018
  12. Improvement of Al3+ ion conductivity by F doping of (Al0.2Zr0.8)4/3.8NbP3O12 solid electrolyte for mixed potential NH3 sensors; Wang L, Gao C, Dai L, Zhou H, Li Y, R.V. Kumar, Ceramics International, 44(8):8983-8991 01 Jun 2018
  13. H2O2 rejuvenation-mediated synthesis of stable mixed-morphology Ag3PO4 photocatalysts, H Agbe, N Raza, D Doodo-Arhin, A Chauhan, RV Kumar, Heliyon, 4(4) 01 Apr 2018
  14. Development and assessment of photo-catalytic membranes for water purification using solar radiation, Michael Coto, PhD; Sam C Troughton; Jeremy Duan; Ramachandran V Kumar; Trevor William Clyne; Applied Surface Science 433:101-107 01 Mar 2018
  15. Synthesis of Nanostructured PbO@C Composite Derived from Spent Lead-Acid Battery for Next-Generation Lead-Carbon Battery, Yuchen Hu, Jiakuan Yang, Jingping Hu, Junxiong Wang, Sha Liang, Huijie Hou, Xu Wu, Bingchuan Liu, Wenhao Yu, Xiong He, and R. Vasant Kumar, Advanced Functional Materials 28(9) 28 Feb 2018
  16. Silicon nitridation mechanism in reaction-bonded Si3N4-SiC and Si3N4-bonded ferrosilicon nitride, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 101, 4350-56, Jan 2018
  17. Hydrogen gas sensing of ZnO nanowires synthesis by hydrothermal technique; Jabeen M, Ashraf MW, Tayyaba S, Manzoor S, Javed MT, RV Kumar, Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures, Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures 13(1):263-269 01 Jan 2018
  18. The synergistic effect of cobalt oxide and Gd-CeO2 dual infiltration in LSCF/CGO cathodes, R. I. Tomov, T. B. Mitchel-Williams, R. Maher, G. Kerherve, L. Cohen, D. J. Payne, R. V. Kumar and B. A. Glowacki, J of Mat. Chem A, 6(12), 5071-81, 2018
  19. Bottom-up Formation of Carbon-based Structures with Multilevel Hierarchy from MOF-guest Polyhedra, Tiesheng Wang, Hyun-Kyung Kim, Yingjun Liu, Weiwei Li, James T. Griffiths, Yue Wu, Sourav Laha, Kara D. Fong, Filip Podjaski, Chao Yun, R. Vasant Kumar, Bettina V. Lotsch, Anthony K. Cheetham, Stoyan K. Smoukov, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 140(19), 6130-36, 2018
  20. Crystal structure, electrical and electrochemical properties of Cu co-doped Pr1.3Sr0.7NiO4+δ mixed ionic-electronic conductors (MIECs), Bansod MB, Khandale AP, Kumar RV and Bhoga SS, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 43(1), 373-384, 2018
  21. Lithium-Sulfur Capacitors; Kim M-H, Kim H-K, Xi K, Kumar RV, Jung DS, et al., ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 10(7):6199-6206, 2018

Books or Chapters in Books

  1. Innovative Advanced Materials for Energy Storage and Beyond, MDPI, St. Alban-Anlage 66 4052 Basel, Switzerland; Ed: Vijay Kumar Thakur, SBN 978-3-03943-370-4 (Hbk) ISBN 978-3-03943-371-1 (PDF); Ibrahim A. Ahmad, Hyun-Kyung Kim, Suleyman Deveci and R. Vasant Kumar Non-Isothermal Crystallisation Kinetics of Carbon Black- Graphene-Based Multimodal-Polyethylene Nanocomposites, p.153-178, 2020.
  2. Visible light-active photocatalysis: nanostructured catalyst design, mechanisms and applications, RV Kumar and M Coto, Chapter 18, 499-522, Visible-light-active photocatalysis – nanostructured design, mechanisms and applications (ed. S Ghosh), Wiley-VCH, ISBN:978-3-527-34293-8, Weinheim, Germany, 2018
  3. Leapfrogging to sustainable power, R.V. Kumar, Chapter in "Smart Villages: New Thinking for Off-Grid Communities Worldwide"; Published by Banson (Lavenham Press, UK), 2015, pp. 35-41; ISBN 978-0-9932932-0-7(paperback); 978-0-9932932-1-4 (hardback)
  4. "B-site multi-element doping effect on electrical property of bismuth titanate ceramics" JG Hou and RV Kumar,  Chapter 11, 243-274, INTECH Open Access Publisher, Ferroelectrics-Physical Effects, Ed. M Lallart, ISBN 978-953-307-453-5, Croatia 2011.
  5. "High Density Energy Lithium Batteries"; KE Aifantis, SA Hackney and RV Kumar (Editors), Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2010. 
  6. Introduction to Electrochemical Cells, Chapter 1, 1-26, in "High Density Energy Lithium Batteries"; RV Kumar and T Sarasonki, KE Aifantis, SA Hackney and RV Kumar (Editors), Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2010.
  7. Primary Batteries, Chapter 2, 27-52, in "High Density Energy Lithium Batteries"; RV Kumar and T Sarasonki, KE Aifantis, SA Hackney and RV Kumar(Editors), Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2010.
  8. A review of Materials & Chemistry for Secondary Batteries, Chapter 3, 53- 81, in "High Density Energy Lithium Batteries"; RV Kumar and T Sarasonki; KE Aifantis, SA Hackney and RV Kumar(Editors), Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2010.
  9. "Ion Conductors and their applications in Chemical Sensors", Chapter 6,  291 – 350, in "Chemical Sensors" RV Kumar and C Schwandt, Ed by G Korotcenkov, Momentum Press, 2010.
  10. "Float Glass", RV Kumar and J Buckett, Chapter in Encyclopaedia of Materials: Science & Technology, Eds. KH J Buschow, R. W. Cahn et al; Elsevier, 2001; 2nd Edition, ISBN: 978-0-08-043152-9; pp 1-8, 2002.
  11. "Solid Electrolytes", Chapter in the Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, vol. 28, RV Kumar and H Iwahara, eds KA Gschneidner Jr and L Eyring, Elsevier Sciences, Vol 28, Ch 178, 131-185, 2000.


  1. Desulfurisation of lead-containing waste, V Selvaraj, M Yiao, RV Kumar (UCAM), Athan Fox, Steve Andrew, Spencer Lowe (AEL); GB 1911532.8, Aug 2019; PCT/GB2020/051922; TW109127407.
  2. Recycling of Lead Containing Waste, V Selvaraj, M Yiao, RV Kumar (UCAM), Athan Fox, R Liu(AEL), , British Patent Application P60233GB, Jan 2019; PCT/GB2020/050132; TW109102253 Jan 2020; PCT/GB2020/050132; TW109102253
  3. Carbon Materials, HK Kim, RV Kumar, R Tomov, Denis Yarmoloch, Dmitry Yarmolich, T Zhao, GB201815535A (Oct 2018); US20209512A1(Published April 2020)
  4. Polymer based energy storage device, T Wang, S Smokuov, P Librizzi, HK Kim, R Tomov, RV Kumar, PCT GB/2018/052184
  5. Thermal conductivity sensing device, method of operation and use of the same, S Srafraz, R V Kumar and F Udrea, GB Application No: 1421102.3, International Patent Application, PCT/EP2015/077948, filed on 27 Nov 2015; WO2016/083589 A1 published on 2 Jun 2016; National applications in US, EU, China, Hong Kong and India (May/Jun 2017); US1040880282, 2019; CN107209133A, 2020.
  6. Product and Process in energy storage structures, C Zhang, K Xi, B Chen, RV Kumar and D Robertson, UK Patent Application: GB 1301639.9, Filed on 31 Jan 2013; PCT/GB2014/050253, filed on 31 Jan 2014.
  7. Method and apparatus for sensing molecular gases, C Schwandt, MP Hills and RV Kumar, UK Patent Application: GB 1331396.2; filed on 26 Jul 2013; International (PCT) Patent Application No. PCT/GB2014/052267; EP3052929.
  8. Photocatalyst Composites, RV Kumar, N Ullah, G Divitini and C Ducati, UK Patent Application No: GB 1217403.3, Filed on 28 Sept 2012; PCT/EP2013/070301 filed on 27 Sept 2013; European Application: 13773667.4.
  9. Lead Recycling, PCT filed on 6 Nov 2007. RV Kumar, S Sonmez and VP Kotzeva; PCT/GB2007/004222; EU 07824458.9; RU 2009117620; US 12/513707; CN 200780041628.4; IN 2216/KOLNP/2009. 
  10. Lead Recycling, RV Kumar, S Sonmez and VP Kotzeva, UK Patent Application No: 0622249.1, filed on 8/11/06, 2006.
  11. Measuring CO with Solid Electrolyte System, RV Kumar and VP Kotzeva, UK Patent Application No GB 0620379.8, filed on 13/10/06, 2006.
  12. Measuring carbon monoxide with a solid electrolyte system, RV Kumar and VP Kotzeva, British Patent Application filed on 12 October 2005, GB 0520779.0, 2005.
  13. High temperature sensors for detecting elements in liquid metals, mattes and slags, DJ Fray and RV Kumar, British Patent Application, File No 882350, 1998
  14. Measurement of composition of gases using solid electrolytes, D.J. Fray, and R.V. Kumar, International Patent Application PCT/GB98/01978, 1998.
  15. Measurement of composition of gases using solid electrolytes, DJ Fray and RV Kumar, British Patent Application, File No 9713953.9, 1997. 
  16. Reagents for desulphurising liquid iron, RV Kumar, British Patent Application No. GB 9707648.3, 1997.
  17. Solid State sensors for the measurement of carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and trioxide, nitric oxides, hydrogen chloride, water vapour and hydrogen fluoride, DJ Fray, RV Kumar and GM Kale, British Patent Application 1996.